All posts by Katrina

Hello, my name is Katrina. I am currently studying in Bachelor of Communication and Media. I used to study Associate of Arts in Bilingual Communication Studies in French and English. Now, I would like to express some of my work on this blog and show the world how my journey begins through this blog for my course.

BCM325: Digital Artefact




The development of my Digital Artefact (DA) was publicly available online on my WordPress blogs, YouTube and Twitter. On my YouTube channel, my 2-part mini series was uploaded and embedded as posts on my Twitter page. I have completed my final video essay and posted it on my WordPress blog and YouTube. I have also embedded a link on Twitter to inform the public.

Project concept

According to the Data Bridge Market Research report as published by Globe New Wire in August 2020, Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) market will grow at a rate of 40.50% by 2027 due to increase demand by companies as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. The pandemic has changed the pattern from traditional classroom learning to online learning worldwide. In fact, even before COVID-19, there was already high growth and adoption in education technology including language apps, virtual tutoring, video conferencing tools, or online learning software. My DA focus will be on the future of online education.


From project pitch to project beta and then to the final DA, I have carried out massive research including news/media, academic texts and scholarly sources. I also went through my lecture notes to find relevant resources to support my DA. I have received suggestions to include more future images and movies to enrich my DA. This study also includes my personal experience and observation of the people around me.

Background research

When planning for my DA, I carried out some background research and found that online education is the trending phenomenon of the future. Then I carried out deeper research on the changes that would happen in the next 5, 10, 25 and 50 years.

Public utility

My target audience are mainly teachers, principals, students, parents and social workers. When knowing more about future online education, teachers and principals can plan ahead in order to maximise online teaching’s effectiveness, teaching and learning policies; students can know more about future online learning opportunities; parents and social workers will be aware of students’ online activities and then give them support.

Overall Trajectory

My journey started from conducting background research about online education. After my project pitch, I decided to not only look at the future changes of online education but also to explore the technological advancements of online education, the constraints, the challenges, the ethical issues and also the consequences of having online education, that is, whether it leads to utopia or dystopia. I, myself, did not attend physical school classes since the pandemic and have used Zoom and Webex to attend classes. Some of my friends around me also experienced these changes and that gave me the opportunity to explore the subject further in my DA.

Originally, I plan to produce my DA in the form of a video essay. However, in order to increase my public engagement with the audience, I prepared a 2-part mini series about the changes in online education to arouse interest of the people to follow me in my YouTube channel, Twitter and WordPress blogs. The social media engagement through YouTube has been very successful as I have received lots of comments on my project pitch. After seeing the comments, I made some changes to my beta. I will also focus the technological advancements, the constraints, the ethical issues and whether this change would lead to utopia or dystopia. At last, I also added the challenges faced by online education system and probably suggesting some solutions to make my DA more complete.

Project’s success and limitations

It is no doubt that online education will be the education mode in the next 5, 10, 25 or 50 years as statistics also supported this. With the advancement of educational technologies, lectures and seminars will no longer have to be confined within classrooms. Online education will eventually spread around the world without the limitations of time, space and place. With the assistance of digital textbooks and mobile devices to virtual learning systems and online courses, online education will definitely be successful in the near future. However, we also need to consider the limitations faced by online education and this can be found in my analysis of the constraints, challenges and ethical issues.

Due to the pandemic situation, I was not able to carry out interviews with companies or scholars that have taken part in online education. My research was mainly dependent on online research and lecture materials. Also, the observational research is only based on the experience of my friends which may not be comprehensive.

I have received feedback and comments from my WordPress blogs, my videos on YouTube, my survey polls on Twitter and also from my 2-part mini series. I uploaded Part 1 of my mini series on YouTube after the project pitch and the other one after the project beta. The feedback was quite encouraging.

There are lots of futuristic images from Google, CANVA and However, I could only relate to one or two film/movie resources for reference.

Approach to Future Cultures DA Challenge

The change from offline learning is drastic and everyone has to adapt to this new form of education mode. We are struggling to adapt to these new changes in a very short period of time. My digital artefact video essay can provide some information to this challenge. This is an informative video to inform the audience about the future of online education by exploring the changes, the constraints, the challenges, the technological advancement, and some ethical issues. I then leave to the audience to decide whether the change will lead to a utopia or dystopia.

Relevant concepts and ideas from subject lectures

I have referred to articles, movies and short films online that showcase the topic with lots of information. Relevant lectures can be found out in Week 4, “Multiple Futures” and in Week 8, “Cyberculture: Cyborgs, Androids and Robots”.

Learning Reflection

In this project, I learned how to improve my DA by adopting the comments and suggestions from my peers and teacher. I also learned how to increase my publicity by engaging the audience on my 2-part series, my pitch, my beta and finally my DA.

For next time, I should have uploaded more video clips, not just the 2-part series, in YouTube and write more blogs on my Twitter page and WordPress.  Maybe I can include those blogs in my Instagram also to engage more with the public.


Intrado Globenewswire. 2020. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Market will grow at a rate of 40.50% by 2027: High Demand Due to COVID-19. [online] Available at: <;

Ryan, D., 2021. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed education forever. This is how. [online] PolyU. Available at: <;

Task 1, Part 2: Critical Self-Reflection of Beta Comments

Beta Comment 1: Future Live by Marcella

Marcella’s beta presentation is about what kinds of new technologies will exist in the next 15 years and the future of technology in our lives. With the development of technologies, the uses of A.I. as a necessity can be very helpful in our daily lives. I look forward to seeing her short animation and DA, and of course her imagination of the new technology.

She has included in her beta her imagination of the technology in future world.  Her idea is so creative. Maybe in one day, I can see her imagination come true. Her use of animation in DA is also very creative. I may have used her idea in my future DA. I found three articles which are relevant to her project. The two articles introduced the futuristic apps and innovative cooking assistance. The third article introduced how the audience of the film, 2001: A Space Odyssey responds to the making of the film and A.I. in the movie. All these can relate to my knowledge learnt in lectures on Future Cultures that futurologists can predict the future of technology. I also find that in the course of giving and receiving comments to and from our peers, I have also developed my knowledge on their fields too.

Beta Comment 2: Quantum Computers by Clement

In my pitch comment to Clement, I suggested him to look at how Quantum Computers affect our lives. I am glad to see that he has taken into account my feedback and comment to enable him to focus on how Quantum Computers have affected us. In my self-reflection to Clement’s pitch, I mentioned that I have not seem the movie Transcendence so I cannot comment on this part of research. I intended to watch the movie but I could not make the time for it. I would have seen the movie so that I can provide a better comment to him in his beta.

I have suggested Clement to refer to two articles and an informative video, the first one is written by Christopher Bernhardt in which he wrote about “In the future, everyone might use quantum computers”. He also stated that quantum computers function by how the universe computes and that they are not powerful enough and unreliable. In another article by Subhash Kak, he wrote that “A quantum computing future is unlikely, due to random hardware errors”. An informative video by Martin Hilbert would also be useful for his DA. I hope these articles and this video will help enrich his DA content.  It is interesting to find that in the course of giving and receiving comments to and from our peers, I have also developed my knowledge on their fields too. I am also able to connect the subject with the knowledge I learnt in lectures in Future Cultures.

Beta Comment 3: Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare by Chaman

Chaman’s beta presentation is very informative. She talked about how A.I. helps in healthcare and the development of A.I. in the industry in the next 5-15 years.

I learnt that it would also be helpful for me to include some specific case studies within my digital artefact. I may be able to create specific interviews as a primary source.

In receiving comments on my pitch and beta from peers and teacher, I learnt that I can include movie and articles in my work to support my own findings. So in my comment for Chaman’s Beta, I have suggested her to refer to the movie “Robot & Frank” and three other relevant articles about A.I. helping us in healthcare as well as the future having many different possibilities to help enrich her DA content. In fact, I find that in the course of giving and receiving comments to and from our peers, I have also developed my knowledge on their fields too. I am also able to connect the subject with the knowledge I learnt in lectures on Future Cultures. I now understand why we have to comment on others’ pitches and betas.

Here are the references I gave them to help them with their DAs:

Bernhardt, C., 2019. In the future, everyone might use quantum computers. [online] THE CONVERSATION. Available at: <;

Biswas, P., 2020. Mobile App Development – Where is the Future Headed?. [online] BUSINESS 2 COMMUNITY. Available at: <;

Kak, S., 2019. A quantum computing future is unlikely, due to random hardware errors. [online] THE CONVERSATION. Available at: <;

Krämer, Peter 2009, ‘Dear Mr. Kubrick’: Audience Responses to 2001: A Space Odyssey in the Late 1960s, Participations, Volume 6, Issue 2 from Week 1. 

Martin Hilbert, “Technological Determinism vs. Social Constructivism” from Week 10.

Paalumäki Heli 2001. “‘Imagine a Good Day’”—Bertrand de Jouvenel’s Idea of Possible Futures in the Context of Fictitious and Historical Narratives’. Vol 1: The Papers of the Nordic Conference on the History of Ideas. from Week 3.

Shoard, C., 2013. Robot & Frank: vision of the future?. [online] The Guardian. Available at: <;

Tofel, K., 2020. Why projectors could be the future screens of smart homes?. [online] STACEY ON IOT. Available at: <;

Wilson, T., n.d. No longer science-fiction, A.I. and robotics are transforming healthcare. [online] pwc | Global. Available at: <;

Task 1, Part 2: Live-Tweets & Self-Reflection

My Twitter Page

From Week 7 to 11 in Semester B, I watched 4 more sci-fi movies relating to future depictions, artificial intelligence and advanced technology, etc. I found it easier to live-tweet and my tweets came out more naturally. My response to others’ conversations is faster and at the most suitable time. I was able to participate and engage with replies, re-tweets and I used hashtags more frequently than before. The tweets were more meaningful and informative. The conversations and discussions were happening all the time. As I learned how to schedule my tweets in advance, I was able to stream the movies without having to tweet one by one. It felt more convenient as I did not have to rush to get them out. Tweets containing creative and aggressive visual content would likely receive more attention than others.

Sci-fi movies give us a chance to review the problems around us and hopefully to find solutions to them. The AIs in most of the sci-fi movies are full of emotions and conscience. They searched for their origins and identities just like we humans do. Besides, I wonder how the advancement of AI will be like in the next 5, 10, 25 or 50 years. Is it possible to have flying cars, floating cities and advanced healthcare robots? Will we be able to dodge fast bullets or even live in space?

Here are some of the things I learned:

The Matrix (1999)

This is a visually dazzling film with lots to look out for in a cyber adventure. It leads to a final battle of Good vs. Evil. I like sharing short quotes, Matrix images and GIFS from the movie. I have increased my engagement with the content posted by my peers and I also improved a lot in tweeting content as compared with the first round of movie appreciation.

Here is an example of that:

Robot & Frank (2012)

Frank is an old man going through some tough problems of dementia. As a retired burglar, he lives alone in New York. He lives in the ‘near-future’ where calls can be answered by voice-recognition phones and advanced projectors, etc. With the help of his son, he was given a robot programmed as a caregiver. The robot helps Frank to clean, cook, garden, take walks, reminds him to lower his sodium in-take and even helps him to break in houses to commit crime. The story is full of love and friendship, so I have almost forgotten that this is a sci-fi movie!

The plot in the movie is easy to follow. Instead of sharing too many facts, I managed to answer my peers’ questions and shared with them my findings and opinions.

Here are some of the answers and quotes in response to my peers’ questions:

Ready Player One (2018)

Ready Player One is a very iconic film! It is so creative! You can find Easter Eggs in the movie and you can explore a whole new dimension of virtual reality. In the year of 2045, Wade, a young man living in the future world of “The Stacks” which is a densely populated refugee village. Wade and his friends lived both in a real world and a virtual reality world, the OASIS by using VR headsets. This is an escape from the real world, similar to what we like to do from time to time.

I have seen this movie before. Therefore, I was able to tweet faster and share more interesting content from the film with my peers. I also commented on the film by making references to relevant lecture materials and put them in my live tweets.

Here is an example of how I linked cyberpunk writers to my tweets:

Here is another example:

I was able to find other movie references in the film. I tried to apply my knowledge from other films into my tweets. Here are some examples to showcase my excitement:

Alita: Battle Angel (2019)

Robert Rodriguez, one of my favourite directors made a live-action sci-fi film from the adaptation of a Japanese cyberpunk manga in 1990 by Yukito Kishiro. In a scrapyard, a doctor finds a cyborg’s head detached from its body in a decaying location known as the “Iron City”. When Alita was revived, using the body of her parents’ biological daughter’s cyborg body, she begins to search for her own identity as she has lost all her memories. This is a fast-action movie which keeps you at the edge of your seat!

During this movie, I have shared some fan-culture facts with my peers.

Here is the tweet:

With the advancement of technology, A.I. will be able to speak different languages and flying cities may become our future. I have shared these with my peers in the tweets:

In conclusion, I found that I have improved a lot in my tweeting techniques and I was able to live-tweet faster. I also learned how to schedule my tweets so that I could be active on Twitter while streaming the movies.

Next time, I can enrich the content of my tweets by commenting from other perspectives like the settings, culture, features, visual effects, etc. of the movies.

beta: The future of education: Online Learning


In the last few weeks, I have been doing some further research for my digital artefact, “The Future of Education: Online Learning”. I have recently made some public engagements with my peers by posting my pitch on Twitter as well as two new survey polls. I also made the first part of my 2-part mini series, talking about the short to medium-term changes and posted it on YouTube and WordPress. 

I am currently looking for more academic/scholarly and news/media sources to continue making the final DA. Throughout the weeks before my final DA, I will also make the second part of my 2-part mini series, telling further on my DA and inviting the audience to come back and view my DA. I will then post my DA on YouTube and WordPress.


Bell, Wendell 1998. Making people responsible: The possible, the probable, and the preferable. American Behavioral Scientist, Vol 42(3), Nov-Dec, 1998 Special Issue: Future studies in higher education, pp. 323-339.

Nemroff, D., 2014. Technology in Education: A Future Classroom. [online] YouTube. Available at: <;